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Emissions Models

Model Future Civil Aviation Scenario Software Tool (FAST)
Description / Purpose Global 3D aviation inventory and scenario modelling platform
Data source / Input Aircraft movements, PIANO fuel usage for different aircraft types, mission distances and cruise altitude
Output Fuel, CO2, NOx, CO, particles, soot and distance flown. Ouput as 3D grid (longitude, latitude and altitude) from 0.25 x 0.25 degree cells to 1 x 1 degree cells
Spatial dimension Country, regional, global
Temporal dimension Dependent on resolution of aircraft movements data
Sample applications ICAO-CAEP work, used in QUANTIFY, TRADEOFF projects and subsequent publications


  • Lee D.S., Owen B., Graham A., Fichter C., Lim L.L. and Dimitriu D. (2005) Allocation of International aviation emissions from scheduled air traffic – present day and historical (Report 2 of 3). Manchester Metropolitan University, Centre for Air Transport and the Environment, CATE-2005-3(C)-2, Manchester, UK.
  • Lee D.S., Fahey D., Forster P., Newton P.J., Wit R.C.N., Lim L.L., Owen B. and Sausen R. (2009) Aviation and global climate change in the 21st century. Atmospheric Environment 43, 3520–3537.
  • Owen B., Lee D.S., Lim L.L. (2010) Flying into the future – aviation emissions scenarios for 2050 and 2010. Environmental Science & Technology (in press).